To identify or diagnose cancer, doctors do a variety of tests. Tests help determine whether cancer has moved from the original site to another body area. It is known as metastasis if the cancer has advanced. Doctors may also perform tests to determine which colon cancer treatment in Mexico would work best. A biopsy is the only guaranteed way for a doctor to determine whether a region of the body has cancer for most cancer types. Without a biopsy, the doctor may advise other diagnostic procedures. Your doctor will advise you to undergo one or more of the examinations and tests listed below if you exhibit symptoms that could indicate colorectal cancer or if a screening test reveals something unusual.
Physical Examination And Medical History
To identify potential risk factors, your doctor will inquire about your medical history for colon cancer treatment in Mexico. Additionally, they will ask about any symptoms you may be experiencing and, if so, when they first appeared and for how long. During a physical examination, your doctor will check the remainder of your body and feel your abdomen for any tumours or enlarged organs. Also possible is a digital rectal examination (DRE). The doctor feels your rectum with a gloved, lubricated finger to check for abnormalities.
A Blood Test
To assist in identifying the presence of colorectal cancer, your doctor could also request specific blood tests. If you have been diagnosed with cancer, these tests can also help monitor your condition for colon cancer treatment in Mexico.
- Complete blood count (CBC): This examination counts all the different types of blood cells.
- Because colon cancer can migrate to the liver, you could also get a blood test to monitor your liver function.
- Blood can contain compounds known as tumour markers, occasionally produced by colorectal cancer cells. Carcinoembryonic antigen is the most prevalent tumour indicator for colorectal cancer (CEA).
Similar to a screening colonoscopy, a diagnostic is performed when symptoms are present, or an abnormality is discovered during another screening test. During this test, the physician views the whole length of the colon and rectum with a colonoscope. If necessary, the colonoscope can insert specialised devices to take a sample of suspicious-looking tissue or remove polyps.
Usually, if any monitoring or diagnostic test discovers a suspected colorectal cancer, a colonoscopy is performed to take a biopsy. The physician uses a specific device inserted via the scope during a biopsy to extract a small tissue sample. Less frequently, the diagnosis can require surgically removing a portion of the colon.
What Medical Procedures Can Treat Colorectal Cancer?
Colon cancer treatment in Mexico includes techniques for managing your mental and physical requirements and medicines to treat or control the disease. Surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy are the primary forms of treatment for colorectal cancer. These procedures may be mixed based on the stage of the malignancy.
- The best course of action for regional colorectal cancers is surgery. A colonoscopy allows for the removal of microscopic cancers. Your surgeon may do the procedure laparoscopically or use a more invasive open technique.
- High-energy rays used in radiation therapy work to kill cancer cells. Radiation is frequently administered for rectal cancer following surgery and chemotherapy to eradicate any cancerous cells that could have survived.
- Drugs that boost your immunity to identify and eliminate cancer cells are used in immunotherapy.
- A gene or protein changes the tumour has created to aid in its growth is blocked by targeted therapy medications.
Follow-up exams are essential to ensure that cancer doesn’t return following colon cancer treatment in Mexico. However, thousands of people who underwent colostomies and colon surgery continue to lead comfortable, everyday lives.